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Warren Buffett on the Financial & Housing Crisis and Credit Rating Agencies (2010)

A credit rating agency (CRA) is a company that assigns credit ratings for issuers of certain types of debt obligations as well as the debt instruments themselves. In some cases, the servicers of the underlying debt are also given ratings. More on Buffett: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=UTF8&tag=tra0c7-20&linkCode=ur2&linkId=22f3a19f1003df6e04ad734879f32fb7&camp=1789&creative=9325&index=books&keywords=warren%20buffett

In most cases, the issuers of securities are companies, special purpose entities, state and local governments, non-profit organizations, or national governments issuing debt-like securities (i.e., bonds) that can be traded on a secondary market. A credit rating for an issuer takes into consideration the issuer’s credit worthiness (i.e., its ability to pay back a loan), and affects the interest rate applied to the particular security being issued.
The value of such security ratings has been widely questioned after the 2007–09 financial crisis. In 2003, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission submitted a report to Congress detailing plans to launch an investigation into the anti-competitive practices of credit rating agencies and issues including conflicts of interest. More recently, ratings downgrades during the European sovereign debt crisis of 2010–11 have drawn criticism from the EU and individual countries.
A company that issues credit scores for individual credit-worthiness is generally called a credit bureau (US) or consumer credit reporting agency (UK).

Credit rating agencies have been subject to the following criticisms:
Credit rating agencies do not downgrade companies promptly enough. For example, Enron’s rating remained at investment grade four days before the company went bankrupt, despite the fact that credit rating agencies had been aware of the company’s problems for months. Or, for example, Moody’s gave Freddie Mac’s preferred stock the top rating until Warren Buffett talked about Freddie on CNBC and on the next day Moody’s downgraded Freddie to one tick above junk bonds. Some empirical studies have documented that yield spreads of corporate bonds start to expand as credit quality deteriorates but before a rating downgrade, implying that the market often leads a downgrade and questioning the informational value of credit ratings. This has led to suggestions that, rather than rely on CRA ratings in financial regulation, financial regulators should instead require banks, broker-dealers and insurance firms (among others) to use credit spreads when calculating the risk in their portfolio.
Large corporate rating agencies have been criticized for having too familiar a relationship with company management, possibly opening themselves to undue influence or the vulnerability of being misled. These agencies meet frequently in person with the management of many companies, and advise on actions the company should take to maintain a certain rating. Furthermore, because information about ratings changes from the larger CRAs can spread so quickly (by word of mouth, email, etc.), the larger CRAs charge debt issuers, rather than investors, for their ratings. This has led to accusations that these CRAs are plagued by conflicts of interest that might inhibit them from providing accurate and honest ratings. At the same time, more generally, the largest agencies (Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s) are often seen as promoting a narrow-minded focus on credit ratings, possibly at the expense of employees, the environment, or long-term research and development. These accusations are not entirely consistent: on one hand, the larger CRAs are accused of being too cozy with the companies they rate, and on the other hand they are accused of being too focused on a company’s “bottom line” and unwilling to listen to a company’s explanations for its actions.
While often accused of being too close to company management of their existing clients, CRAs have also been accused of engaging in heavy-handed “blackmail” tactics in order to solicit business from new clients, and lowering ratings for those firms . For instance, Moody’s published an “unsolicited” rating of Hannover Re, with a subsequent letter to the insurance firm indicating that “it looked forward to the day Hannover would be willing to pay”. When Hannover management refused, Moody’s continued to give Hannover Re ratings, which were downgraded over successive years, all while making payment requests that the insurer rebuffed. In 2004, Moody’s cut Hannover’s debt to junk status, and even though the insurer’s other rating agencies gave it strong marks, shareholders were shocked by the downgrade and Hannover lost 5 million USD in market capitalization.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Credit_rating_agency
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America’s Student Debt Crisis: Jessie’s Story | Consumer Reports

< things type =" application/x-shockwave-flash" style =" size:425 px; height:355 px; "data ="// www.youtube.com/v/PqzEcER8AJA?color2=FBE9EC&version=3&modestbranding=1" >< param name="film "value ="// www.youtube.com/v/PqzEcER8AJA?color2=FBE9EC&version=3&modestbranding=1"/ > Millions of Americans that went to college are now paralyzed by their student loans. “Debt is the very first point I consider every one of my decisions,” states Jessie Suren, who graduated with a criminal justice degree as well as is having a hard time to pay off her financial debt.

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Originally an evacuee from Darfur, Sudan, Ekhlas found out English by seeing Ellen’s program, as well as is now a teacher, grad college trainee as well as activist. After hearing her moving tale, Ellen could not wait to assist her continue on her remarkable path!

How to get personal loans for unemployed to sort out the crisis you are in?

Before trying to get financial loans, it really is a must for you yourself to think about the conditions. Managing economic issues can be difficult and you have to help make the techniques, in accordance with the scenario you are in. In the first place, there are many loan options as you are able to research to. However, making a choice on the kind of loan can be constantly a difficult job. Financial loans to an extent can offer the desired finances to manage the impending crisis. After you have utilized the loans, it becomes your responsibility to make the repayments. If you are not comfortable utilizing the rate of interest and/or payment term, the difficulties that you could deal with turn for worse. It’s within these problems that you can look at a choice of personal loans for unemployed. At the very least, with one of these loans, you are doing have a chance to avail no fuss money relief, based on your existing conditions.

Selecting the loans – depending on your requirement

No doubt, being unemployed itself hampers your odds of attaining resources at the most useful of terms. But if you should be not clear in regards to the objectives, you might wind up having even more trouble. Therefore, ahead of the availing associated with the loans, when you do make an evaluation of expenses that you are prone to deal with it helps in deriving the actual amount. This to an extent enables you to keep consitently the costs to at least. As far as the loans you need to derive, you are required to take the time to utilize it, within the best possible means.

As you are searching for easy access to financial loans, the option of unsecured loans no guarantor seem to be an ideal choice. The financial loans in particular get sanctioned at a brief notice, that you are not needed to offer any guarantor. What you do with the loans is dependent on your need and also the lenders never ever take the time to intervene much.

so that they can supply some relief to unemployed loan applicants with bad credit, the lenders offer easy financial loans for bad credit, which to an extent offers credible resources at affordable terms. By making sure to settle the mortgage quantity inside the concurred time frame, it does provide the opportunity to these individuals to produce some improvements within their credit history.

How-to apply for the loans

signature loans for unemployed may be best obtained making use of the internet based medium. It’s right here your applicants remain to be able to avail the funds, without much of every paperwork or paperwork. The loans are really easy to derive and certainly will be reproduced for without having to spend any additional charge. On additional ensuring to help make a proper study, it does provide to be able to derive the resources at even more affable terms and conditions.

With signature loans for unemployed, in some way effortless funds can be derived, inspite of the individuals having no access to any stable earnings. With versatile repayment term and convenient interest, these financial loans tend to be undoubtedly advantageous.

The Effortless Loans/ is one of the leading online credit financing agencies focusing on offering wide variety of financial loans to numerous consumers. We unique discounts on signature loans for unemployed. If you’d like to learn more about these financial loans, please visit: www.theeasyloans.uk/

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